In this paper, an experimental method was described for measuring very slight wear of polymer by using neutron activation analysis (NAA). By means of adopting appropriate neutron flux suitable experimental parameters and measuring technique, the method was performed under the condition without any effect upon the mechanical properties of wearing. The sensitivity of the wear measurements reached the order of magnitude of 10,-7,g for engineering plastics containing about 1 wt% of zinc. The comparison could be made rapidly between different materials with different resistance to wear. The results were free from the influence of vibration of test systems, elastic deformation of materials, media and moisture absorption, and etc. Combined with autoradiograph, the present technique can be used to investigate the backtransfer of ground debris of metallic fillers from the counter part to the specimen. A multifunctional plane wear testing machine was set up for obtaining wear data and friction coefficient. The present work provides a new, rapid and sensitive measuring technique and also a screening method for the wear of polymers.
Neutron activation analysisPlastic compositesWear
R. Koch, Activation analysis handbook, Academic Press, New York, 1960.